Fostering Animal Adoptions in Reservation Communities

October is “Adopt a Dog Month,” and it’s a good time to explore how PWNA’s Reservation Animal Rescue (RAR) program supports animal rescue and rehabilitation partners on the reservations.

RAR offers pet supplies and grants to animal-serving organizations in tribal communities throughout our Northern Plains and Southwest service areas. Our partners are all similar in that they operate on minimal funding yet yield maximum results. They serve their communities without fanfare and have a vigorous volunteer network to help minimize turning animals in need away.

Most of our reservation partners and grant recipients rely on their volunteers to contend with the overpopulation of stray and homeless dogs and cats in remote reservation communities. This year, RAR has funded $88,000 in grants so far to support 10 different partners in their efforts to foster healthy animals and healthy communities.

The ongoing pandemic has created unprecedented challenges in U.S. communities but more so in Indian reservation communities that were resource-deprived even before COVID-19. For rescue groups, springtime would typically be accompanied by spay and neuter clinics, but communities with shelter-in-place orders or limits on large gatherings delayed these clinics to adhere to safety guidelines and reduce potential spread of the coronavirus. Unfortunately, this also means an increased number of strays were having litters.

Tuba City Humane Society, one of PWNA’s grant recipients serving the Navajo and Hopi reservations, reported an increase in their intakes during the pandemic. The shelter generally intakes about 400 animals a year but indicated their intake had reached 278 in the first six months of 2020.  

On a more positive note, the pandemic created an unexpected surge in animal fostering and adoptions. About 70 percent of this year’s RAR grant recipients rely on foster volunteers to help rehabilitate, socialize and find the perfect home for these vulnerable companions. For our animal welfare partners, foster care is still an essential part of their circle of care.

Brenda, a foster mom supporting the Oglala Pet Project in South Dakota, shared why she’s committed to fostering animals of the Pine Ridge Reservation:

“I love fostering for OPP! They have very high standards of homes that the foster animals go to.  They ask many questions of the adopter to make sure it’s the right fit, the right time and the right environment for each foster animal just to name a few. As a foster this means a LOT!  As a foster mom, I get attached to them just like they are one of my own. I know I’m just a ‘hotel’ for the foster until it finds its forever home. It means the world to me that OPP finds a great forever home that is committed to have the animal for its lifetime, which is a long commitment.  I put my heart and soul into taking care of every foster animal that I have in my care and they take part of my heart with them when they leave. Knowing that the forever family is willing to take on that long commitment, I feel better that I haven’t let that animal down. Every animal deserves to know it is truly part of the family and be treated as part of the family.”

If you’re looking for a new furry family member this month, we encourage you to check your local rescue shelters to see if there are pets available for adoption. Please also consider donating to RAR if you’d like to support a rescue organization helping animals in need in underserved communities.

Facebook Comments
Posted in Grant Projects | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Recently in Native News

Even amidst the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, many Native Americans have still found ways to continue fostering community and cultural awareness with those around them. We’re sharing a variety of noteworthy stories from these communities for the month of September. To stay up-to-date with the latest Native American news year-round, follow us on Facebook, Twitter and LinkedIn.

Next Generation: Grappling with loss of life and connection, Native youth transform into the leaders of tomorrow via Cronkite News

  • “In March, Tawny Jodie was preparing to travel to Israel for her first trip overseas. By July, she was masked and delivering food boxes in rural New Mexico amid a deadly pandemic. A full-blooded Navajo, the 20-year-old said she was compelled into service when COVID-19 started ravaging her community and others across the Navajo Nation. With the virus disproportionately affecting tribal nations due to health disparities, poor infrastructure and chronic underfunding to fix persistent problems, young people like Jodie have stepped up to help.”

Projects addressing internet connectivity across Indian Country advance with new partnerships via Native News Online

  • “A pair of recent business deals are aimed at accelerating projects that promise to bring much-needed high-speed internet infrastructure to rural tribal communities. Partners behind Oakland, Calif.-based MuralNet and St. Louis, Mo.-based Arcadian Infracom say their projects will help deliver critical infrastructure to rural tribal communities that often lack reliable internet connectivity, the need for which has been exacerbated during the COVID-19 pandemic.”

400 years after the Mayflower set sail, a new exhibit acknowledges the U.K.’s impact on Native American communities via TIME

  • “On a September day in Plymouth, southwest England, a ship set sail. The day was Sept. 16, 1620, and the vessel was the Mayflower. Its passengers and their voyage would soon secure their place as an indelible part of American history. Now, 400 years later, in another September in Plymouth, the facts of that story are coming in for a reexamination.”

Report: Native American vote suppressed by pandemic via Santa Fe New Mexican

  • “After the COVID-19 pandemic ripped through Indian Country in New Mexico this spring, voter turnout among Native Americans declined while the rest of the state experienced an unprecedented boost in voting during the presidential primary, according to a new report from Common Cause New Mexico. The report shows while the rest of the state experienced a voter turnout increase of 8 percent as county clerks grappled with a record flood of absentee ballots, turnout among Native Americans declined by 1 percent compared to the 2016 primary.”

A true champion of justice via Indian Country Today

  • “The word of Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg’s death spread fast across Indian Country. Tribal leaders, officers of the law, and citizens celebrated her life and expressed fears for the future. “It is hard to describe the legacy of Justice Ginsburg. Her life’s work was aimed at achieving equality for all, not just for women. She gave a voice to those who were unfairly quieted, and that voice, her voice, will be sorely missed. As only the second woman nominated and confirmed to the Supreme Court, she was a real inspiration to me, at the time, a third-year law student. I extend my deepest sympathies to her family and her extended court family,” said Diane J. Humetewa, Hopi, U.S. District Judge District of Arizona.”
Facebook Comments
Posted in Humanitarian | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

It Is Vital for Indian Country to be Counted in the 2020 Census

PWNA reached out to Maria Boyd, tribal partnership specialist with the U.S. Census Bureau, to share the importance of counting American Indians in the 2020 U.S. Census.

In 2020, the U.S. Census will define who we are as a nation and it is vital that the census also have an accurate portrayal of our tribal nations. If tribes aren’t accurately counted, communities could miss out on thousands of dollars per person in federal funding. This funding is crucial all year – as well as during events such as the ongoing pandemic.

Information from the Census Bureau on how many people live in a town and where they are located is critical in determining the funds to allocate toward federal emergency response each year. Statistics from the 2020 Census will not only provide the baseline numbers for federal disaster relief funding, but also help plan for preparedness, rescue coordination and even identification of locations for new fire stations.

FEMA also uses Census Bureau resources to identify vulnerable communities, using a vulnerability assessment formula that identifies communities with critical businesses such as hospitals, corporate headquarters and other facilities that render an area more at risk during natural disasters.

The distribution of tribal funds through the CARES Act was also directly linked to Census data – and support was less than needed due to undercounts in the 2010 Census.

Reaching Out to Tribal Members

The U.S Census Bureau is committed to a complete and accurate count of the American Indian and Alaska Native (AIAN) population this year, no matter where they live. While most Indigenous people do not live on designated tribal lands or reservations, those who do are among the groups historically undercounted in the census.

For the first time this year, everyone can respond to the 2020 Census online, by phone or by mail. Most people in rural America will receive invitations to respond to the census in the mail. However, many people living on Indian reservations only have P.O. boxes or no specific address. Others lack internet and broadband connectivity,  posing challenges for them and much of rural America.

Despite these challenges, the Census Bureau has several ways to help ensure that every person living in the U.S. is counted and since most urban households use physical street addresses for mail delivery, we mailed invitations and reminders with instructions on how to respond to the census. As a result, many American Indian/Alaska Native (AIAN) people who live outside designated tribal lands have already received census invitations with a Census ID linked to their specific address.

Importance of Self Identification

Tribal governments do not provide tribal enrollment numbers to the U.S. Census Bureau, which looks at household data by the race of the householder. So, if you would like your household to be counted as AIAN, be sure to list as the first person an adult who identifies as AIAN and owns or rents the home. The form also allows you to tell the Census Bureau the name or names of the tribe(s) with which you and others in the household are affiliated.

The time to be counted is now and we continue to encourage any household with a Census ID to respond online at, by phone or by mail.

Facebook Comments
Posted in Humanitarian | Tagged , , , , | Leave a comment

Census Counts: Shaping the Future for Native Americans

During a national election, an unprecedented pandemic, a historic social movement, record adverse economic issues, and a polarized political environment, there lies a critical tool that can help ensure invaluable equity: the U.S. Census.

The Census is an age-old population-counting strategy that helps illustrate the vital statistics of the population, provide data for government decision-making and identify trends with demographic and geographic implications. This data helps government calculate funding for social service programs, healthcare and education across all states and ethnicities. Unfortunately, the compounding issues within the U.S. are setting Native Americans to be historically undercounted.

Native Americans have been underserved, underrepresented and undercounted in the census for centuries. The U.S. Commission on Civil Rights has published several reports over the past 20 years, including A Quiet Crisis: Federal Funding and Unmet Needs in Indian Country and Broken Promises: Continuing Federal Funding Shortfall for Native Americans. Both reports highlight the systematic marginalization, intentional underfunding and gross mistreatment of Native Americans, along with a failure to honor Native-U.S. treaty obligations.

By most historic accounts, U.S. government agents often misused their authority to disenfranchise the very population they were assigned to protect. This type of mistreatment will be illustrated in the upcoming Martin Scorsese film “Killers of the Flower Moon,” based on the novel by David Grann. The true-crime film, starring Leonardo DiCaprio, will depict a series of murders of the Osage people in the early 1920’s.

Even now, many tribes have filed lawsuits against the federal government, alleging underpayment and the use of improper data to calculate eligible funds under the CARES Act. This perpetuates the cycle of erasure, continued underfunding of programs, and inadequate resources – much of which is a direct result of prior Census miscounts of the Native population.

Several obstacles make it difficult to count population in Native American communities, including geographic location, insufficient mailing addresses and an overall mistrust of government employees and those doing the counting. In 2020, we face a new series of barriers with an abruptly shortened census counting period due to fears of spreading coronavirus.

In the 2010 Census, Native Americans were the most undercounted population and now we’re confronting what feels like the perfect storm for repeating history by once again miscounting our communities. Yet another decade of underfunded healthcare, limited economic opportunity and poor infrastructure will only lead to lead to further harm and alienation of the people who most need the assistance.

If you overlay maps that identify food deserts, technology deserts, high poverty rates and reservation communities, they are all aligned to tribal nations. This means Native communities are absorbing the most devastating effects and continuing to be left behind.

This is a historic time in our country, with more Native American representatives at the highest levels of politics than ever before in the U.S. Now more than ever, it’s critical to demand an accurate Census count.  Otherwise, we risk the continuing diminishment of opportunity and civil rights for our First Nations.

Facebook Comments
Posted in Humanitarian | Tagged , , , , | Leave a comment

California Native American Day

In 1939, California Gov. Culbert Olson declared October 1 as ‘Indian Day.’ It was one of the first days established to recognize Native Americans and their cultures across the country.

Then in 1968, Gov. Ronald Reagan declared the fourth Friday of September as ‘California Indian Day’ and the state continues to celebrate this occasion today. Next week, we look forward to Native American Day in California.

Traction has grown over the years for formalizing holidays celebrating Native peoples and cultures. Even now, push for an important shift and removal of Columbus Day knocks on the doors of many other cities.

For many non-Natives, it may be hard to remember why this push started, or why it’s needed in the first place. After all, history classes teach that Christopher Columbus was the one who ‘discovered’ America, and this ‘discovery’ led to the 13 colonies being established by England.

However, many Indigenous Americans take offense when the “discovery” of America is credited to Christopher Columbus. More than that, it can be appalling when a figure like Columbus is even considered for any kind of celebration.

Time after time, Columbus has been shown to be a man who explored the world, but he was also a cruel man. In his journal, he recorded his intentions regarding the tribes he encountered – and it’s easy to see they were malicious and self-serving. One of Columbus’ first Indigenous encounters was with the Taino of the Caribbean, of whom he said:

“They were very well built, with very handsome bodies and very good faces…they do not carry arms or know them… they should be good servants.”

In his travels, Columbus was no stranger to slave trade, prostitution and even genocide.  A man who commits acts such as these should not be celebrated. Taught about, sure, but only to understand how his actions and mindset influenced first encounters between the First Americans and European settlers.

Even though Columbus mostly travelled the Caribbean and parts of coastal Central and South America, he represents for many Indigenous peoples the first encounter with Europeans. Contempt for his behaviors is connected not only with the man himself but also with the conquerors who followed him years later. Thus, celebrating Columbus is viewed as also celebrating the actions of those conquerors.

Whatever your state calls the holiday – Native American Day, Indigenous Peoples Day, American Indian Day – celebrating our First Nations is important as it’s easy to forget a time when genocide and assimilation decimated our lifestyles and limited practice of our traditions. Instead of Columbus Day, we celebrate the survival of our cultures and the beauty in the uniqueness of Indigenous peoples. We remember that not all tribes were fortunate enough to have survived – and we remember our ancestors who did not.

Facebook Comments
Posted in Grant Projects | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

The Native American Vote is Critical – and in Jeopardy this Election

The 2020 presidential election is fast approaching with only 49 days to go. Native Americans represent a critical voting group that has the ability to make the difference between victory and defeat, particularly in swing states such as Arizona.

However, people are stepping away from the polls and opting to vote by mail to reduce their risk of contracting COVID-19. We’re facing a historical election where roughly 80 million people will be voting by mail. This will create barriers to voting for Native Americans living in rural reservation communities that those living in urban areas do not face.

With many houses on reservations lacking a “standard” mailing address, getting a ballot delivered is already difficult for many Native voters. Many Native Americans lack access to public transportation and cannot afford the added fuel cost of traveling to vote on Election Day. At the same time, rough and dirt roads on remote reservations can become impassable in early November and deter on-time ballot mailing. Though seemingly simple realities, they all make voting more difficult for Native Americans.

To further complicate this, the U.S. Postal Service recently announced significant budget cuts that could impact voting for millions of Americans, particularly those in rural areas. The budget cuts will cause the mail sorting and delivery process to slow down. Any issues rural Native voters were already facing to voting by mail will be amplified by these cuts.

States have been confronted with hundreds of lawsuits in recent weeks urging the USPS to suspend or revert these changes out of concerns that the cuts will violate voting rights. Individuals living on remote reservations are concerned that these changes could mean their ability to vote is blocked entirely in the 2020 election.

Last week, members of the Navajo Nation asked a federal judge in Arizona to require that the state count all mail-in ballots from voters in reservation communities that are postmarked by November 3rd, even if they are received after Election Day.

As the courts continue to address mail-in ballot concerns, the most important thing you can do is ensure your vote is counted this November. Resources are available for free online if you need more information on when, where and how to vote – and if you’re planning to vote by mail, now is the time to request your absentee ballot.

Now more than ever, Native American voices can champion hope and help shape the quality of life for tribal communities and future generations.

Facebook Comments
Posted in Humanitarian | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

National Preparedness Month: Planning Before Disaster Strikes

National Preparedness Month, occurring each September, encourages Americans to be prepared for any disasters or emergencies that may strike their homes and communities. Disaster preparedness is especially critical in impoverished Native communities, where everyday life can feel like a crisis and the disaster recovery process can be long.

September is National Preparedness Month. Make your plan today.

Many tribal communities are all too familiar with weather emergencies, from fires and floods to tornadoes and snowstorms. This, coupled with the lack of local first responders and the lack of mainstream coverage of reservation disasters, creates an imminent need for tribal communities to be ready to act when disaster strikes.

PWNA supports disaster response through immediate relief as well as training and outside resources that help tribal communities and citizens plan ahead for what to do in an emergency. Designated emergency managers are trained to mitigate situations, communicate immediate needs and work with community members to act – not react. Additionally, many volunteers complete Community Emergency Response Team (CERT) training in basic disaster response skills, such as fire safety, light search and rescue, team organization and disaster medical operations. PWNA helped train more than 330 such individuals last year alone on the Pine Ridge, Cheyenne River, Lake Traverse and Crow Creek reservations, with support from the American Red Cross and other National VOAD partners.

Whether it’s tackling severe weather or reducing risk amid a global health pandemic, reservation communities face added barriers to emergency response. One of many basic utilities that many Americans take for granted, internet access is not as readily available or accessible within tribal communities. This digital divide adds major challenges when it comes to communicating emergency needs throughout a disaster event.

Most recently, emergency managers in our service area have been focused on securing laptops and internet hotspots to better respond to the coronavirus pandemic, access resources and stay connected with their communities. It is critical to have quick, reliable connectivity to coordinate an emergency response – especially in rural and remote areas.

As communities nationwide continue to navigate COVID-19 – and any other emergencies as they happen – PWNA remains committed to championing Native communities to confidently tackle whatever disaster comes their way.

For more information on creating your own emergency preparedness plan, visit

Facebook Comments
Posted in Grant Projects | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Recently in Native News

Native American people and communities continue to make headlines even while COVID-19 remains a critical concern on the reservations. The following headlines from this past month represent some of the topics impacting Indigenous people and recognize individuals for accomplishments that are inspiring their communities. Follow us on Facebook, Twitter and LinkedIn for the latest news and information.

High schools around the country are re-examining their use of Native American mascots via Chicago Tribune

  • “Nearly six years ago, Austin Allbert dressed in beaded pants, a fringed vest and a feathered headdress, and allowed his art teacher to decorate his face with ‘war paint.’ Portraying the ‘chief,’ he stood with his arms crossed in front of him, stoically staring ahead as the band played at Morris Community High School football games. Earlier this month, Allbert sat in a lawn chair in front of his former school with more than two dozen other protesters insisting the school change its mascot.”

‘Devastating’: The Census Bureau is about to severely undercount tribes via Huffington Post

  • “The U.S. Census Bureau unexpectedly announced it will end 2020 census field operations early, a decision that will disproportionately hurt Native American tribes that are already historically undercounted, hard to reach and rely on accurate census data for lifesaving federal dollars. The agency slipped the news into a press release last week: ‘We will end field data collection by Sept. 30, 2020. Self-response options will also close on that date to permit the commencement of data processing.’”

Miss Navajo Nation is a ‘glimmer of hope’ for community during pandemic via Cronkite News

  • “After winning the title of Miss Navajo Nation in September, Shaandiin Parrish immediately got to work on the cultural preservation and advocacy efforts central to the role. At times, she attended five or more events in a single day, traveling across the 27,000-square-mile reservation to speak to elementary school students and attend conferences. But in March, as COVID-19 swept through the Southwest, Parrish suddenly went from visiting elders and delivering motivational speeches to distributing food, supplies and information to Navajo families hit hard by the novel coronavirus that causes the deadly disease.”

Federal agency to reopen 53 Native American schools despite coronavirus fears via NBC News

  • “The U.S. Department of the Interior – Indian Affairs, which oversees the Bureau of Indian Education, announced last week that it would reopen ‘brick and mortar schools’ under its jurisdiction to the ‘maximum extent possible’ on Sept. 16. That will affect 53 Bureau of Indian Education schools run by the federal government across 10 states. With President Donald Trump pushing for schools to reopen for in-person learning despite the coronavirus pandemic, his administration has a direct say in the fate of some schools on Native American reservations.”

Crystal Wahpepah is clearing a path for Indigenous chefs via Berkleyside

  • “Just before the pandemic hit, Chef Crystal Wahpepah was finally seeing the fruits of her labor. As the first Native American woman to own a catering business in California, she was in demand across the Bay Area and around the country, preparing her signature feasts of beautifully plated Indigenous dishes such as buffalo blueberry stew, three sisters salad with wild red rice, and blue corn flan with hibiscus berry sauce. Wahpepah, a member of the Kickapoo [N]ation, grew up in Oakland but spent the summers with her grandparents in Oklahoma, learning to cook with traditional ingredients.”
Facebook Comments
Posted in Humanitarian | Tagged , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

National Aviation Week and Native Americans in Aviation

National Aviation Week in August celebrates achievements in the world of flight, including the birthday of Orville Wright on Aug. 19, who along with his brother Wilbur, achieved the first successful flight of an aircraft in 1903. Today, we’re also celebrating several notable Native Americans in aviation.

Bessie Coleman and John Herrington

Bessie Coleman was the first person of Native American (Cherokee) and African American descent to hold a pilot’s license. Coleman was inspired by her brothers’ stories of French women pilots from The Great War. At the time, no flight schools in America accepted women so she applied to the Caudron Brothers’ School of Aviation in France and earned an international pilot’s license in 1921. She also became popular for her stunt flying and air performances across Europe and the U.S. Coleman wanted to own her own plane and open her own flight school, but she died in a plane crash before that dream could be realized.

Mary Riddle, Clatsop and Quinault from Seattle, was qualified to fly solo in 1930. She earned her pilot’s license and later her commercial license but was best known as a performing parachutist. She was inspired to fly at the age of 17 when she happened to see a woman crash a plane. It was said women would never be successful pilots, but she wanted to prove them wrong and help “fill the sky with thunderbirds.”

John Herrington, Chickasaw from Oklahoma, was the first Native American to walk in space. He was designated as a naval aviator in 1985 and has logged over 3,300 flight hours in more than 30 different aircrafts. NASA selected Herrington to participate in the 16th shuttle mission to the International Space Station in 2002. During his spacewalk, Herrington honored his Native heritage by carrying six eagle feathers, a braid of sweet grass, two arrowheads and the Chickasaw flag. He now travels the country giving presentations about his life.

Aaron Yazzie, Navajo from Tuba City, Arizona, supported NASA’s Mars landing in 2018. He built the pressure inlet that functions as the “eyes and ears” of the InSight lander to help secure more accurate readings about the planet’s interior – a next step in NASA sending astronauts to Mars. Yazzie says the crust of Mars reminds him of the Navajo Nation and that he is learning Earth and Mars are not so different. Yazzie is currently focused on Mars 2020 to look for signs of microbial life and prepare for human exploration.

Cherise John, Navajo from Fruitland, New Mexico, is an expert in thermal cooling and turbine design for military and commercial engines. Cherise was always environmentally conscious, good at math and encouraged from a young age to reach for the stars. She studied language abroad through a Dartmouth program and later earned two master’s degrees – one from Ohio State University in environmental engineering and one from Northern Arizona University in mechanical engineering. Today, John is a lead engineer in turbo-aerodynamics for GE Aviation and a STEM advocate for Native youth.

Whether pilot, astronaut or engineer, we celebrate these Native Americans for their leadership and contributions to aviation. Want to know more? Read about early Native women aviators and U.S. Army helicopters named after tribes – a tradition that honors exceptional service and the 32 Native Americans who earned a Medal of Honor.

Facebook Comments
Posted in Humanitarian | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Navajo Code Talkers Day: The Life and Legacy of Chester Nez

Navajo Code Talkers Day on Aug. 14th honors the veterans who encrypted their Native language to provide fast and secure phone and radio communications during World War II. Navajo Code Talkers were trained to transmit messages under intense conditions, and their unbreakable code is credited with helping the U.S. win the war.

The “original 29” Code Talkers began in 1942 and were unsung heroes until 2001 when they were awarded Congressional Gold Medals. These individuals were instrumental in shaping the campaigns of the second World War and we continue to honor their legacy today. About 400 other Navajos followed the original 29 to war.

Navajo Code Talker Chester Nez

Chester Nez was the last surviving member of the original 29. He served in the U.S. Marine Corps during the war as part of Recruit Training Platoon 382. After graduating from boot camp in San Diego, Nez and the rest of his platoon were tasked with creating the code for secure tactical communications. While code talkers from other nations also served in World War II, the Navajo language was selected because of its complex syntax and phonology.

Nez was born in Chi Chil’tah, New Mexico in 1921. Like so many other Native American children at the time, he was sent at age 8 to a boarding school run by the Bureau of Indian Affairs. The school assigned his English name “Chester” and it was there he was recruited by the Marine Corps.

When Nez and his platoon went to Guadalcanal, an island in the Solomon Islands, they worked in teams of two to send and receive critical messages. From 1942 to 1945, Nez traveled to Bougainville, Guam, Angaur and Peleliu to assist with wartime communications. He was honorably discharged in 1945 and returned to the U.S., where he later assisted with the Korean War effort.

Nez retired from the military as a corporal and went on to study commercial arts at the University of Kansas. He then spent 25 years working as a painter for the Veterans Administration hospital in Albuquerque before retiring in New Mexico. Nez published a memoir in 2011 titled Code Talker: The first and only memoir by one of the original Navajo Code Talkers of WWII. In it, he recounts how he was once punished for speaking the same Native language that later helped assure victory for the U.S.

Nez passed away in 2014 at the age of 93. Today, we commemorate Chester Nez, and the rest of the Navajo Code Talkers who forever helped shape U.S. history. Learn more about the code talkers that followed from other tribes.

Facebook Comments
Posted in Humanitarian | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment